The U.S. and international community efforts for Afghanistan reconstruction have been undermined by ‘systematic corruption’ from the very beginning. .
Despite SIGAR released report regarding corruption in Afghanistan that revealed corruption undermined the U.S. efforts from the very beginning, damaged the legitimacy of Afghan government, supported insurgency and undermined faith in all the efforts in Afghanistan, India recently promised $1 billion aid to Afghanistan and ongoing U.S. efforts.
Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction (SIGAR) finalized report about Afghanistan’s corruption from 2001 up to 2014 on September 14, 2016. The report was titled “Corruption in Conflict: Lessons from the U.S. Experience in Afghanistan”.
The report warned about not addressing the problem, “failure to effectively address the problem means U.S. reconstruction programs, at best, will continue to be subverted by systemic corruption and, at worst, will fail.”
“The findings of this report are relevant for not only ongoing U.S. efforts in Afghanistan, but also those of our allies and the Ghani- Abdullah administration.” said the report.
Despite the recent report by SIGAR, India, important the U.S. allies in Afghanistan reconstruction, promised $1 billion in aid to Afghanistan. The Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi pledged the aid during recent trip of Afghanistan President Ashraf Ghani to India on September 14, 2016.
Ongoing efforts of the U.S. in Afghanistan cost $5 billion per year which $4 billion for defense and national security and $1 billion in civilian assistance without tens of billions of dollars that spend in the U.S. troops camps in Afghanistan.
The report talks about corruption, which is systematic, has been stealing the aids since 2001. According to the SIGAR report, people who are involved in the systematic corruption are, “Government leaders and private citizens who are connected at high political levels can seek to maintain their control over resources and levers of power through their abuse of entrusted authority.”
The corruption is more deeply than systematic. Former Afghan National Security Advisor Dr. Rangin Dadfar Spanta said “corruption is not just a problem for the system of governance in Afghanistan; it is the system of governance.”
What Dr. Rangin Dadfar Spanta claimed can be proved by looking at what Former President of Afghanistan, Hamid Karzai said. Former President once addressed the country that steal the money and spend in Afghanistan, not outside of the country.
The SIGAR report clarified where tens of billions of dollars go which were sent for Afghanistan’s people. The people, according to the World Bank, that 70 percent of them live on less than $2 a day and cannot breathe peacefully one day and violence has been part of daily life of the people since four past decades.
The report also revealed what contributed to the corruption and what outcomes had.
“The United States contributed to the growth of corruption by injecting tens of billions of dollars into the Afghan economy, using flawed oversight and contracting practices, and partnering with malign powerbrokers.” said the report.
SIGAR reported, “Corruption significantly undermined the U.S. mission in Afghanistan by damaging the legitimacy of the Afghan government, strengthening popular support for the insurgency, and channeling material resources to insurgent groups.”
The SIGAR report contains mass interviewing, researching, analyzing and complete report about corruption. SIGAR interviewed with Former the U.S. Ambassador Ryan Crocker (2011—2012).
“The ultimate point of failure for our efforts … wasn’t an insurgency. It was the weight of endemic corruption.” said he.