Insecurity is roadblock for women in Afghanistan, where is the worst place in the world to be a women, to enter public life and move the male dominate society toward gender equality, according to SIGAR quarter report.
“Deep-rooted cultural traditions and a persistent insurgency continue to threaten the physical safety and health of Afghan women and hold them back from entering public life, particularly in the rural areas” said the report.
SIGAR quarter report said, 75 percent of Afghan women live in rural areas that insecurity perpetuates social attitudes that women are vulnerable and thus should not leave the home.
SIGAR released the report to the United States Congress about Afghan women some 75 percent of them are still illiterate despite millions of dollars have been spent.
The quarter report of SIGAR has been prepared by a team of female analysts was led by Director of Research and Analysis Deborah Scronggins. The team was led to Kabul on a fact-finding mission about Afghan women that millions of dollars has been spent on them, according to the report.
The report investigates about USAID that launched Promote, a $280 million program in Afghanistan, in 2014. The USAID describes it, “the largest women’s- empowerment program in its history.”
The report of SIGAR contains large scale of interview with Afghan women activists and female authorities of the Afghan government.
“Fifty to sixty percent of the changes now are due to the courage of Afghan women, [because] they fought all the time. But if it were not for the women like you in the West, the door would not be open,” The former head of the Afghan Red Crescent society, Fatima Gailani said to the report.
The change has been undermined by insecurity.
“They referred not only to the ongoing armed conflict, which in 2015 and 2016 caused more civilian casualties than at any other time since the United Nations began documenting them in 2009, but also to the danger women and girls face from criminal gangs and from harassment and worse in public spaces, schools, and the workplace.” said the report.
“If women don’t have security, they cannot go to school and get educated, and they cannot find a job,” Former Afghan National police general and current Member of Parliament, General Nazifa Zaki said to the report.
“Women who have an education and were working are now electing to stay home because of the security situation,” the general added. “In some cases women are making this decision for themselves, but in other cases the family is making it for them. It is the family’s—mainly the man’s—responsibility to ensure the women are safe. If they feel that going to school or a job may put the women in danger, then they won’t let them go.”
The report came out after US force for Afghanistan released report about the ongoing conflict in the country and security situation.
According to USFOR-A, a third of the country is under insurgent control or influence, or at risk of coming under control of insurgents. USFOR-A concluded that Afghan government only control about 68—70 percent of the country.
In these areas, where Taliban control, the Taliban seek to punish women who work or study outside of the home, said the report.